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BIG X CHAPTER 6

 



CHAPTER 6 ; SIMPLE PAST TENSE vs PRESENT PERFECT TENSE



STANDART KOMPETENSI
 
3.5 Menerapkan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan teks interaksi transaksional lisan dan tulis yang melibatkan tindakan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait keadaan/tindakan/ kegiatan/ kejadian yang dilakukan/terjadi di waktu lampau yang merujuk waktu terjadinya dan kesudahannya, sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya. (Perhatikan unsur kebahasaan simple past tense vs present perfect tense)


4.6 Menyusun teks interaksi transaksional, lisan dan tulis, pendek dan sederhana, yang melibatkan tindakan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait keadaan/tindakan/ kegiatan/ kejadian yang dilakukan/terjadi di waktu lampau yang merujuk waktu terjadinya dan kesudahannya, dengan memperhatikan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan yang benar dan sesuai konteks

 

           https://englishcoo.com/contoh-dialog-present-perfect-tense/



Task 1 :

Look at the text below. Study the sentences by paying attention to the words in the bold- underlined typed and bold-italic typed expressions.



Orville : Our dad gave us a toy helicopter that flew with the help of rubber bands. We’ve been interested in the idea since then.

Wilbur : Orville has always liked to build kites, so, we have experimented with making our own helicopters for a while now.

Host : But that was only a toy, what about the actual plane?

Wilbur : Orville made the first flight with our first plane at Kitty Hawk on December 14, 1903.

Host : Why did you choose Kitty Hawk?

Orville : Kitty Hawk had a hill, good breezes, and was sandy. The condition would help soften the landings in case of a crash. The first flight lasted 12 seconds and they flew for 120 feet.

Wilbur : We have worked and experimented with gliders to perfect the wing design and controls since then.


Can you tell what pattern is written in bold type? What about the pattern in the bold italic type?

(Buku Penunjang Kurikulum 2013 Mata Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas X, Kemendikbud, Revisi Tahun 2017)

Task 2 :

Observe the crossword puzzle below. In the puzzle, there are 10 regular and 10 irregular verbs in past tense. Work in pairs to find them as fast as possible. Write your answer on a piece of paper. Post your answer on the white/black board or on a wall of your classroom as soon as you finish doing it. Those who can finish the earliest are the winners. As the winners, you can tell the class to sing an English song that you like and tell them to dance, too.

 


 

             Regular verb                                            Irregular verb

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

 

 Dialog 1

Alisya     :     Where did you go yesterday?
Adela      :     I went to the cinema to watch a movie.
Alisya     :     And then?
Adela      :     And then, I went home. But before that, I bought some snacks in the supermarket and visited one of my friend's house.
Alisya     :     Did you arrive home safely?
Adela      :     Yes, I did.

Dialog 2
Adela     :     Hi, Adela. Have you read Tere Liye's new book?
Alisya    :     Yes, I have. What about you?
Adela     :     I haven't read it yet. Can I borrow yours?
Alisya    :     I'm sorry, but I have given it to my sister.
Adela     :     It's okay. Let me borrow it after your sister, okay?
Alisya    :     Sure.



Dialog 3
Abby        :    Hi Allison, I haven’t seen you for ages. Where have you been?
Allison     :    Hi, Abby. I have just visited my granny abroad.
Abby        :    Oh, I see. But wait… I think you’ve visited your grandma before, haven’t you?
Allison     :    Yes, I have visited her three times this year. She was sick two weeks ago so we went to America again.
Abby        :    How is your grandma now?
Allison     :    She is better. She is in my house now.
Abby        :    Really? How long has she been here?
Allison     :    She has been here for three days. Actually she has missed her children and grandchildren.
Abby        :    Oh, sickness because of missing people she loves. I guess she will be well soon. Send my warm regard to your grandmother.
Allison     :    I think so. Okay, I will send it to her. Thanks, Abby.
Abby        :    You’re welcome.


Grammar Review

 



SIMPLE PAST TENSE

1.Definisi Dan Rumus

Simple past tense merupakan bentuk tenses yang digunakan untuk menjelaskan suatu peristiwa yang terjadi di waktu lampau dan tidak ada kaitan nya dengan waktu sekarang. Simple past tense tidak menunjukan apakah kegiatan tersebut telah selesai dilakukan ataupun belum.

Rumus untuk simple past tense yaitu

+) S + V2 + Complement

-) S + did + Not + V1 + Complement

?) Did + S + V1 + Complement

2.Waktu Kejadian

Waktu yang digunakan pada simple past tense lebih spesifik, seperti yesterday, last month, last week, last day dan lain sebagainya.

3.Akibat Yang Ditimbulkan

Pada simple past tense akibat yang ditimbulkan sudah tidak bisa dirasakan lagi.

4.Modus Aktifitas

Simple past tense hanya bisa digunakan untuk kejadian yang benar benar lampau dan tidak ada kaitanya dengan waktu sekarang, namun lebih spesifik.

5.Contoh Simple Past Tense
she ate alone yesterday (dia makan sendirian kemarin)
I walked to your house alone (aku berjalan kerumah mu sendiri)
Did you come to her house? (apakah kamu datang kerumah nya?)
I did not do my homework (aku tidak mengerjakan PR ku)
Lia did not call me last week (Lia tidak menelepon ku minggu lalu)
she wrote a letter to her mom (dia menulis sebuah surat untuk ibunya)
she read a book yesterday (dia membaca buku kemarin)


PRESENT PERFECT TENSE

1.Definisi Dan Rumus

Present perfect tense digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu kegiatan yang telah terjadi di waktu lampau, namun masih ada kaitan nya dengan waktu sekarang, entah karena belum selesai dikerjaka atau masih dikerjakan.

Rumus untuk present perfect tense yaitu :

+) S + Have/Has + V3 +Complement

-) S + Have/Has + Not + V3 + Complement

?) Have/Has + S + V3 + Complement

2.Waktu Kejadian

Menggunakan waktu pada masa yag sudah lewat namun masih dalam periode waktu yang sama karena masih ada kaitan nya dengan waktu sekarang.

3.Akibat Yang Ditimbulkan

Pada present perfect tense akibat yang ditimbulkan mash dapat dirasakan hingga sekarang karena masih ada kaitan nya dengan waktu sekarang.

4.Modus Aktifitas

Present perfect tense digunakan untuk menunjukan suatu kegiatan yang telah selesai dilakukan atau yang mash dilakukan namun ada kaitan nya dengan waktu lampau.

5.Contoh Present Perfect Tense
I have done my task since yesterday (aku telah menyelesaikan pekerjaan mu sejak kemarin)
she has cooked a delicious food for you (dia telah memasak makanan yang enak untuk mu)
my mother has sent me some money (ibuku telah mengirimkan aku beberapa uang)
they have played football for 2 hours (mereka telah bermain bola sejak 2 jam)
we have bought a gift for you (kami telah membelikan sebuah hadiah untuk mu)
I have driven a car alone (aku telah mengendarai sebuah mobil sendiri)

https://www.kuliahbahasainggris.com/perbedaan-dan-penjelasan-simple-past-tense-vs-present-perfect-tense-beserta-contoh/





COMPETENCE TEST

A. Choose the correct form of the verbs.

1. A : Where's Diva? She isn't here.
    B : Oh, she ... shopping.

a. went

b. has gone

c. go

d. goes


2. My parents ... married in Probolinggo in 1992.

a. got

b. have got

c. has got

d. get


3. Do you know about Renee? She ... her job. She ... to quit last week.

a. gave up, decided

b. has given up, has decided

c. decided, has given up

d. gave up, has decided


4. A : Ipin was in the hospital. He ... his leg.
    B : Oh, I'm sorry to hear that. How ...?

a. Broke, did it happen

b. Break, has broken

c. Has broken, did it happen

d. Break, has it happened


5. A : ... her number before leaving?
    B : Yes, but I'm afraid I ... it.

a. Did she leave, lost

b. Has she left, have lost

c. Does she leave, lost

d. Does she leave, have lost


6. I ... French at school but I ... most of it.

a. Studied, have studied

b. Studied, have studied

c. Studied,forgot

d. Studied,have forgotten


7. A : It ... a lot last week.
    B : Yes, but it ... at all this week.

a. Rained, did not rain

b. has rained, has not rained

c. did not rain, has not rained

d. Rained, has not rained


8. My brother lives in Jakarta. He ... there since 1990.

a. lives

b. lived

c. has lived

d. has been lived


9. I ... my great grandfather who ... about 45 years ago.

a. never met,has died

b. have never met, died

c. never met, died

d. has never met, has died


10. When I ... home last night, I ... very tired.

a. Went, have gone

b. Was, was

c. have gone, was

d. went, was


B. Put the right verb in the present perfect/ simple past on sentences below:

1. My friend and I are a writer. He ……………… (write) many books.

2. They …………… (not have) a holiday last year.

3. She………………..(play) tennis yesterday afternoon.

4. What time ……………………(he/go) to bed last night?

5. ……………………………….(you/ever/meet) a famous person?

6. The weather ……………………………..(not/be) very bad today.

7. Your hair is wet. You……………………..(just/wash) it.

8. I……………………………(wash) my hands before eating.

9. Adam travels a lot of countries. He……………(visit) many countries.

10. “Is Jarot here?” “No, he…………………..(come/not) yet.


C. Write simple dialog using simple past tense and present perfect tense

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