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CHAPTER 9 : SONG

 CHAPTER 9 ;   SONG

 

Standart Kompetensi

3.9 Menafsirkan fungsi sosial dan unsur kebahasaan lirik lagu terkait kehidupan remaja SMA/MA/MAK

4.9 Menangkap makna terkait fungsi sosial dan unsur kebahasaan secara kontekstual lirik lagu terkait kehidupan remaja


Tujuan Pembelajaran

Setelah kegiatan pembelajaran siswa dapat mengidentifikasi informasi tertentu dari lirik lagu yang diberikan dan menyebutkan bagian – bagian dalam satu lagu serta memahami pesan yang terkandung dalam lirik lagu yang diberikan dengan mandiri dan bertanggungjawab

 

 

 

Materi Pembelajaran

Read the lyrics carefully and try to understand the meaning..


A Million Dreams

Written by Benj Pasek and Justin Paul

Sung by Ziv Zaifman, Hugh Jackman, Michelle Williams



I close my eyes and I can see

The world that's waiting up for me

That I call my own

Through the dark, through the door

Through where no one's been before

But it feels like home



They can say, they can say it all sounds crazy

They can say, they can say I've lost my mind

I don't care, I don't care, so call me crazy

We can live in a world that we design



'Cause every night I lie in bed

The brightest colors fill my head

A million dreams are keeping me awake

I think of what the world could be

A vision of the one I see

A million dreams is all it's gonna take

A million dreams for the world we're gonna make



There's a house we can build Every room inside is filled With things from far away The special things I compile

Each one there to make you smile

On a rainy day



They can say, they can say it all sounds crazy 

They can say, they can say we've lost our minds I don't care,

I don't care if they call us crazy Runaway to a world that we design



Every night I lie in bed

The brightest colors fill my head

A million dreams are keeping me awake

I think of what the world could be

A vision of the one I see

A million dreams is all it's gonna take

A million dreams for the world we're gonna make



However big, however small

Let me be part of it all

Share your dreams with me

We may be right, we may be wrong

But I wanna bring you along

To the world I see

To the world we close our eyes to see

We close our eyes to see

Every night I lie in bed

The brightest colors fill my head

A million dreams are keeping me awake



I think of what the world could be

A vision of the one I see

A million dreams is all it's gonna take

A million dreams for the world we're gonna make



Are you familiar with the song above? Write the answer to the following questions/statements..

1. Do you have a dream? What would you do to reach your dream?

2. Read the lyrics of the song carefully. Identify the parts of the song.

3. A million dreams are keeping me awake. What does the sentence mean?

4. Analyze the meaning of the song. Is it denotation or connotation?

5. What message can you get from the song?



DEFINITION OF SONGS

Song is a composition of tone or voice in sequence, combination and temporal relation to produse a musical compositian that has unity and continuity.
Jadi, Lagu adalah gubahan seni nada atau suara dalam suatu urutan, kombinasi, dan hubungan temporal (biasanya diiringi dengan alat musik) untuk menghasilkan gubahan musik yang mengandung kesatuan dan kesinambungan.


SOSIAL FUNCTION OF SONGS

The social function of song are:

1. To entertain the listeners.

2. To teach moral value through the lyrics of the songs.

3. To provide a way of managing the realitionship between our public and private emotional life.

4. To express personal feeling and cultural values.

5. To give someone to not only shares their emotions with others, but also to have an emotional connection that just can’t be experienced in any other way.



GENERAL STRUCTURE OF SONGS

The general structure of a song consists of

· Intro,yaitu bagian awal lagu, biasanya belum terdengar suara penyanyi (hanya instrumennya saja). 

The introduction establishes melodic, harmonic, and/or rhythmic related to the main body of song. Intro,yaitu bagian awal lagu, biasanya belum terdengar suara penyanyi (hanya instrumennya saja


· Verse atau bait adalah bagian pengantar ke chorus

It is the section of the song structure that tells the story. This is the exposition, describing the scene or the person, or an emotion. There are usually two or three verses in a row that have the same musical structure, the same rhyme and poetic meter, but different words. The second verse builds on the picture painted in the first verse, etc.

· Chorus of Refrain, bagian inti, biasanya yang paling mudah diingat



A chorus is the most repeated section, so it’s the easiest remembered. A chorus is the summary of the song’s story. All the verses have been leading up to the chorus, and is usually the part of the song people sing along with. A chorus can come at the beginning of the song structure; it can also start in the middle, or come at the end. In fact, some songs don’t have choruses at all. Some people are usually confused to differentiate between choruses and refrain. A refrain is any line that repeats in the song lyric, while a chorus is any group of lines that repeat.

· Break

A break is actually a brief “rest” or “pause” for the core melody within a song used to add further dimension and excitement. It may include a quick instrumental solo or drum interlude or it may be a brief moment of silence, or acombination of each of these elements.

· Bridge penghubung chorus ke chorus selanjutnya ataupun ke coda

This is the part of the song that shifts. It can suddenly change tempo, or volume, or instrumentation. The bridge is the section that gives the audience time to reflect on the story, or gives them the “climax” or conclusion of the story through verses and chorus. Bridges can be used to give the singer a break.

· Outro or Coda penutup lagu

This is the end of the road for the song. It can repeat the intro, chorus or a refrain as an outro, or a bridge with an instrumental solo.

Struktur tersebut tidak bersifat kaku, jadi tidak semua lagu memiliki struktur yang tersusun seperti itu. Tapi setiap lagu secara umum pasti memiliki verse, chorus, dan bridge.



LANGUAGE FEATURES OF SONGS

§ Imagery. Imagery describes about feelings and emotions. Sebuah lagu biasanya berusaha menggambarkan perasaan yang dirasakan si penulis.

§ Rhythm. Ritme disini digunakan untuk menciptakan mood. Misalnya, apabila kita sedang bersedih dan mendengarkan lagu dengan ritme slow, maka kita akan terbawa suasana dengan lagu tersebut. So, rhythm creates mood!

§ Figures of speech

1. Metaphor,comparing two things that are not a like to suggest that they actually have something in common.Sekilas memang kedua hal yang dibandingkan tidak berkaitan, tetapi sebenarnya ada kesamaan antara dua hal tersebut.e.g. “Time is a thief” or “Her haisr was silk”

2. Simile,compares two things using “like” or “as’’. Suatu hal digambarkan dengan hal yang mirip dengan menggunakan kata ‘like’ atau ‘as’ e.g. “My love is like a redrose”.

Hyperbole,a dramatic language. Big exaggeration, usually with humor. Suatu hal digambarkan secara berlebihan, terkadang menggelitik karena terlalu berlebihan.
e.g. “That math homework Took me 8 milliony ear to finish”.

1. Personification,an object appear like a person. Objek (bukan manusia) memiliki kemampuan seperti manusia.e.g. “The windwhisper” or “The snow flakes danced in the wind”.

2. Allititration, there petation of the same beginning sound in a series of words.Perulangan bunyi suara yang terdapat di awal setiap kata. e.g. “Peter Parker pick a packofpants punctually”





IDENTIFYING SOCIAL FUNCTIONS AND STRUCTURE OF ENGLISH SONG

Earth Song

Michael Jackson

Verse 1

What about sunrise
What about rain
What about all the things that you said
We were to gain
What about killing fields
Is there a time
What about all the things
That you said were yours and mine

Chorus

Did you ever stop to notice
All the blood we’ve shed before
Did you ever stop to notice
This crying Earth, these weeping shores
Aah, ooh

Verse 2

What have we done to the world
Look what we’ve done
What about all the peace
That you pledge your only son
What about flowering fields
Is there a time
What about all the dreams
That you said was yours and mine

Chorus

Did you ever stop to notice
All the children dead from war
Did you ever stop to notice
This crying earth, these weeping shores
Aah, ooh
Aah, ooh



Verse 3

I used to dream
I used to glance beyond the stars
Now I don’t know where we are
Although I know we’ve drifted far
Aah, ooh
Aah, ooh
Aah, ooh
Aah, ooh

Bridge

Hey, what about yesterday
(What about us)
What about the seas
(What about us)
The heavens are falling down
(What about us)
I can’t even breathe
(What about us)
What about apathy
(What about us)
Drowning in the seas
(What about us)
What about the promised land
Preachin’ what I believe
(What about us)
What about the holy land
(What about it)
What about the greed
(What about us)
Where did we go wrong
Someone tell me why

(What about us)
What about baby boy
(What about him)
What about the days
(What about us)
What about all their joy
Do we give a damn
Aah, ooh
Aah, ooh







Let’s take another look at the parts of song.

Hero

By Mariah Carey


(Verse 1)


There's a hero if you look inside your heart, You don't have to be afraid of what you are.

And There's an answer, if you reach into your soul, And the sorrow that you know will melt away.



(Chorus)

And then a hero comes along,

With the strength to carry on. And you cast your fears aside,

And you know you can survive.

So, when you feel like hope is gone,

Just Look inside you and be strong. And you'll finally see the truth, That a hero lies in you...



(Verse 2)

It's a long road, when you face the world alone;

No one reaches out a hand for you to hold... You can find love if you search within yourself

And then the emptiness you felt will disappear...



(Chorus)

And then a hero comes along

With the strength to carry on

And then you cast your fears aside

And you know you can survive.

So, when you feel like hope is gone

Look inside you and be strong

And then you'll finally see the truth

See That a hero lies in you.



(Bridge)

Lord knows dreams are hard to follow, But don't let anyone tear them away.

Just hold on, and there will be tomorrow, And In time you'll find the way.



(Chorus)

And then a hero comes along, With the strength to carry on.

And then you cast your fears aside

And you know you can survive.

So, when you feel like hope is gone, Look inside you and be strong.

And you'll finally see the truth, That a hero lies in you.

That a hero lies in you...

Source :https://www.lyricsmode.com/lyrics/m/mariah_carey/hero.html



Read the lyrics In the song above , there are several verses and choruses. So in a song, we have :

1. Lyrics (the words of a song)

2. Verses ( writing arranged in lines which have rhythm)

3. Chorus ( a part of a song hat is repeated after each verse)

4. Refrain ( shorter than chorus)

5. Bridge ( to connect section of a song)

 

 COMPETENCE TEST


A. Answer the following questions about the song below.

Don’t give up

By Bruno Mars



[Verse 1]

When you want to do something that is new

And it seems really, really hard to do

You feel like quitting, you feel you’re through

Well I have some advice for you



[Chorus]

Do not give up, keep on trying

You all going to make it (ah yeah) do not give up

Do not ever quit, try and try and you can do it, do not give up (yeah)



[Verse 2]

If you want to catch a ball, but you are having no luck at all

The ball hits your head, it hits your nose

It hits your belly, your chin and toes

Well try and try and try again, keep on trying and soon

You will put your hands out in the air

You will catch that ball, yes this I swear



[Chorus]

Do not give up, keep on going

You are on a boat, so keep on rowing

Do not give up, don’t ever stop

Try and try and you will come out on top, do not give up

Source : https://genius.com/Bruno-mars-dont-give-up-sesame-street-lyrics



1. Do not ever quit, try and try and you can do it, do not give up (yeah

    What does the sentence mean?

2. You are going to get there just keep on grooving.

   The word grooving is closest in meaning to…

3. Which phrases repeated a lot in the song?

4. What message can you get from the song?

5. How do you feel after reading the lyrics of the song?



B. Choose the best answer


Outdoors

Song by: Jason Mraz




All day I’ve been inside

And I’ve got the feeling

I’m trapped between the walls

And underneath the ceiling

I feel a bit off track

And I’m trying to get back



Back in the cool, cool air where the sun is shinning

Nothing’s going to stop me

It’s all in the timing

It’s finally again my turn

It’s time to return



‘Cause I won’t stay inside no more

No more

I can’t wait to go

Outdoors


Well open up your door and be like me 

Open up your door and then breathe free 

And look at all the beauty you’ll feel  Loved, loved, loved, loved


Listen to the music of the wind and the brides sing

We’re just one big family

And all of nature deserves to be

Loved, loved, loved, loved,

Loved



So, I won’t stay inside no more

No more

It can’t wait, I’m sure

There’s need to run and hide

Let’s go explore

It feels so great let’s go outdoors



(Don’t cha do) Everyone come on come on out there

where the air is fresh and clear So, I won’t stay inside no more No more

It cannot wait

Let’s go out doors



Well, open up your door and be like me 

Open up your door and then breathe free 

And look at all the beauty and you’ll find The earth and the sky is yours



So please go, there’s no need, There’s no need to hide inside Let’s go explore

This will, this will feel so great

Let’s go outdoors



1. What does the singer want?

A. Sleep

B. Go outside

C. Play inside his house

D. Live in a sedentary life

E. Live his life

2. What does the writer feel when he’s inside the house?

A. Trapped

B. Angry

C. Happy

D. Excited

E. So so

3. Based on the song above, who sing the song?

A. Birds

B. Winds

C. Children

D. Musicians

E. Trains

4. Who is Jason Mraz?

A. Singer

B. Child

C. a bird

D. a listener

E. a composer

5. What is the message can be found in the text above?

A. It is a wasteful time to live your life adventurous

B. It is important to life an adventurous life

C. We must always be inside home

D. We must be careful with our wishes

E. We will be a superstar

6. What is the tone of the song above?

A. Sad

B. Melodic

C. Melancholy

D. Happy

E. Melodic

Source : https://englishadmin.com/2020/05/73-contoh-soal-song-dan-jawabannya.html




Let her go

By Passenger




Well you only need the light when it’s burning low

Only miss the sun when it starts to snow

Only know you love her when you let her go


Only know you’ve been high when you’re feeling low

Only hate the road when you’re missing home

Only know you love her when you let her go


And you let her go


Staring at the bottom of your glass

Hoping one day you’ll make a dream lasts

But dreams come slow and they go so fast



7. What does the writer try to tell us through the song?

A. To give us a message to do our best in everything.

B. To appreciate what we have before we lose them.

C. To support us to become better people.

D. To realize that our lives are precious.

E. To improve our personality.



8. The words feeling low is closest in meaning to ....

A. selfish

B. rejected

C. unhappy

D. hopeless

E. pessimistic



RAIN AND TEARS By Demis Roussos


Rain and tears all the same

But in the sun you’ve to play the game

When you cry in winter time

You can’t pretend, it’s nothing but the rain

How many times I’ve seen

Tears coming from your blue eyes

Rain and tears all the same

But in the sun you’ve got to play the game

Give an answer of love I need an answer of love

Rain and tears in the sun

But in your heart you feel the rain the waves

Rain and tears both for shown

For in my heart there’ll never be a sun

Rain and tears all the same

But in the sun you’ve play the game



9. Which one of the following statements is implied in this song?

A. The writer’s lover treats him well.

B. The writer has got his expectation from his lover

C. The writer of the song feels sure with his love.

D. The writer’s lover often expresses her sadness

E. E. The writer feels that his love story will have a happy ending.



10. “Rain and tears both for shown. For in my heart there’ll never be a sun”.

 The phrase “my heart there’ll never be a sun” means that the writer….

A. will feel sure in his heart

B. will have his heart be with bright lif

C. will feel so faithless all the time

D. will get very tired all his life

E. will always feel sad

Source : https://englishadmin.com/2020/05/73-contoh-soal-song-dan-jawabannya.html























Is anyone out there?


Songs for A Dying Planet

Song by: Joe Walsh



Does anybody listen or care anymore? We are living on a dying planet,

We’re killing everything that’s alive,

And anyone who tries to deny it

Wears a tie



And gets paid to lie

So I wrote these songs for a dying planet,

I’m sorry but I’m telling the truth,

And for everybody trying to save it

These songs are for you, too. Is anyone out there?



11. What kind of planet are we living now?

A. Dying Planet

B. good planet

C. beautiful planet

D. nice planet

E. lovely planet



12. . “And gets paid to lie”. The word “gets paid” means….

A. Receive money for work completed

B. Pay someone

C. buy with money

D. sell with low prices

E. promote completely



13. What is the simple meaning of song?

A. A piece of music that is written out

B. Music that is composed by a specific person

C. A short musical work that combines melody and vocal singing

D. A musical interlude sung for a work purpose

E. A song is rhyming words



14. Which of the following words below is the term used to describe all the words of a song?

A. Refrain

B. Verse

C. Lyrics

D. Bridge

E. Chorus



15. Which of the following statements is not true about a song?

A. A song can involve a single verse or many verses and refrains

B. A song can be written to reflect a story, emotion, or used in a workplace

C. Songs have been written and performed all over the world

D. A song never includes a vocal line

E. A song can make people happy or sad

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