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CHAPTER 7 ; HISTORICAL RECOUNT TEXT

 



CHAPTER 7 ; HISTORICAL RECOUNT TEXT



STANDART KOMPETENSI

3.7 Membedakan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan beberapa teks recount lisan dan tulis dengan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait peristiwa bersejarah sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya

4.7 Teks recount – peristiwa bersejarah

4.7.1 Menangkap makna secara kontekstual terkait fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan teks recountlisan dan tulis terkait peristiwa bersejarah

4.7.2 Menyusun teks recount lisan dan tulis, pendek dan sederhana, terkait peristiwa bersejarah, dengan memperhatikan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan, secara benar dan sesuai konteks

Tujuan Pembelajaran

         Melalui diskusi kelompok dan penugasan ,peserta didik dapat memahami,  menyusun dan mempresentasikan  teks Recount terkait peristiwa bersejarah  dengan memperhatikan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan yang benar dan sesuai konteks dengan  tanggung jawab, displin , serta mampu berkomukasi dan bekerjasama dengan baik.



READING COMPREHENSION

On 10 November, Indonesia celebrates Hari Pahlawan or Heroes Day in remembrance of the Battle of Surabaya which started on that very date in the year 1945. The bloody battle took place because Indonesians refused to surrender their weaponry to British army. British Army at that time was part of the Allied Forces. The defiant Bung Tomo is the well-known revolutionary leader who played a very important role in this battle.

It all started because of a misunderstanding between British troops in Jakarta and those in Surabaya, under the command of Brigadier A.W.WS. Mallaby. Brigadier Mallaby already had an agreement with Governor of East Java Mr. Surya. The agreement stated that British would not ask Indonesian troops and militia to surrender their weapons.

However, a British plane from Jakarta dropped leaflets all over Surabaya. The leaflet told Indonesians to do otherwise on 27 October 1945. This action angered the Indonesian troops and militia leaders because they felt betrayed.

On 30 October 1945, Brigadier Mallaby was killed as he was approaching the British troops’ post near Jembatan Merah or Red Bridge, Surabaya. There were many reports about the death, but it was widely believed that the Brigadier was murdered by Indonesian militia. Looking at this situation, Lieutenant General Sir Philip Christison brought in reinforcements to siege the city.

In the early morning of 10 November 1945, British troops began to advance into Surabaya with cover from both naval and air bombardment. Although the Indonesians defended the city heroically, the city was conquered within 3 days and the whole battle lasted for 3 weeks. In total, between 6,000 and 16,000 Indonesians died while casualties on the British side were about 600 to 2000.

Battle of Surabaya caused Indonesia to lose weaponry which hampered the country’s independence struggle. However, the battle provoked Indonesian and international mass to rally for the country’s independence which made this battle especially important for Indonesian national revolution.

Adapted from: http://www.globalindonesianvoices.com/17298/hari-pahlawan-battle-of-surabaya- the-story-behind-indonesias-heroes-day/



Answer The Question :

1. What is the passage about?

2. When did the battle take place?

3. Where did it happen?

4. What caused the battle? Draw a diagram that shows chronologically the events that led to the battle.

5. What do think about the Indonesian military power compared to that of the British army at that time?

6. What made the Indonesians dare to face the British army military aggression?

7. Did the Indonesian lose or win the battle? Why do you think so?

8. How did the battle influence the national revolution at that time?

9. Who was the prominent figure in the battle? What did he do?

10. Indonesia had gone through many battles. Why do you think the date of the Battle of Surabaya isused as a momentum to commemorate our hero’s contribution?

11. Describe in one word the Indonesians who defended their city at that time.

12. Do you think that the information in the text is clear?

13. Have you read other texts that tell about similar events? What are they?



Recount text is a text that retells a story about past events or experiences in the order they happened. Its purpose is to inform/retell past event to the audience.

Generic structure of recount text :

1. Orientation : tells who is involved in the story, when, where, and why the story happened

2. Series of events : tells what happened in the story

3. Re-orentation : tells the conclusion of the story (consists of optional-closure of events/ending optional)

Language Feature of Recount

 Introducing personal participant : I, my group, etc

 Using chronological connection : then, first, etc

 Using linking verb : was, were, saw, heard, etc

 Using action verb : look, go, change, etc

 Using simple past tense

Macam-Macam dan Contoh Recount Text


Seperti halnya narrative atau jenis teks lain, recount text memiliki beberapa jenis atau macam-macamnya yang dapat Anda gunakan sesuai dengan kebutuhan Anda dalam menceritakan suatu hal. Berikut macam-macam serta penjelasannya.

1. Personal recount

merupakan recount text yang memiliki fungsi untuk menceritakan mengenai pengalaman pribadi penulis. Personal recount merupakan jenis paling umum yang biasa digunakan untuk menulis teks recount.

Contoh Personal recount.

My Bad Day

Doni scrimped and paid for a trip around the world that lasted two months. In his diary, he detailed his journey. I travelled to London and spent several weeks in Europe after spending a week in New York. I took a train to Istanbul and visited several locations in Asia after seeing the sights in Europe. First, I flew from Mexico City to New York City, where he lives. After travelling across Asia, I travelled to South America before returning to Indonesia. Doni was weary, but he was ecstatic to be on the road again.



2. Factual recount

merupakan recount text yang memiliki fungsi untuk menyajikan laporan mengenai peristiwa yang terjadi berdasarkan fakta (benar-benar terjadi). Contohnya seperti laporan mengenai percobaan ilmu pengetahuan atau laporan dari kepolisian.

Contoh Factual recount

A Man Charged

A man has been sued in court for pushing an older woman down a bus on Upper Thomson Road. Ong Kok Hao, 25, is accused of injuring 76-year-old Hwang Li Lian Nee Lye on bus service number 167 around 3 p.m. on June 5th. Ong is alleged to have pushed the older woman onto her back, causing her to collapse onto the bus stairs. The incident was recorded and posted to YouTube in a two-minute video. Ong bursts into a fury at Madam Hwang for pressing the ring at the last minute along Upper Thomson Road, according to the video. During the resulting scream battle, Ong attempted to slap the woman before shoving her down the bus. Ong’s lawyer, Eddie Koh, will present his case to the court. The issue will be revisited by the police in December.



3. Imaginative

merupakan salah satu recount text yang memiliki fungsi untuk menceritakan peristiwa imajinatif. Contohnya recount text yang menceritakan pengalaman penulis dalam menghayalkan sebuah adegan yang dia dapat dari mimpinya.

Contoh Imaginative

Cowboy’s Pride

Today was a particularly hectic day. Thankfully, Rose was at home to assist me in washing dishes, making quince jelly, and caring for our newest family member, the boy. This was yet another ordinary day. Jean came in after we completed our chores and began enjoying the dinner we had just prepared. Rose was tending to the child. A heavy knock came at the entrance. I sat there waiting for Jean or Rose to pass. Jean sprang from his seat, knife and fork both clutched in his hands. “Can’t a guy eat in peace?” he exclaimed. “I’ve come to arrest you Mr. Jean Clarkson for horse stealing,” a deep voice said when Jean opened the bell. I stood there watching Jean finish his last bite of dinner. He then told me that he was about to be arrested. If there was no subpoena, I informed him he didn’t have to go. I screamed at him, telling him he shouldn’t have let him in. Jean confidently said, “It’s all right, Mum,” in an attempt to quiet me down.

The bread was taken out of the oven by me. Jean ate the rest of his food from his bowl with a large slice of thick bread. Constable Fitzgerald was standing nearby. ‘I’ll just go grab my jacket!” Jean said. I chased after Jean, shouting at him for letting him in when he shouldn’t have. Rose’s screams could be heard. I dashed back to see what had happened. Fitzgerald was bullying her, she explained. I charged into the kitchen, grabbed the shovel, and smacked him in the face. Jean dashed back into the room and tackled him to the ground. Cathy was right there when the door swung open. Cathy entered the room and took Fitzgerald’s rifle. Fitzgerald was shot in the wrist by the revolver. “Touch our sister again, and there will be a bullet in your head,” both boys said as they stood there. My sons made me proud when they stood up for their sister.



4. Historical recount

merupakan recount text yang berisi mengenai sejarah. Contohnya merupakan recount text mengenai proklamasi kemerdekaan Indonesia.

Contoh Historical recount

Indonesian Independence Proclamation

On Friday, August 17, 1945, at 10 a.m., the Proclamation of Indonesian Independence was read. The declaration signaled the launch of the Indonesian National Revolution’s political and military struggle against Dutch forces and pro-Dutch citizens before the latter formally recognized Indonesia’s independence in 1949. Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta, who were declared president and vice-president the next day, signed the agreement.

Competence Test

A.   Choose the best answer !

Text for question no 1-7

Bandung as Sea of Fire was a fire that occurred in the city of Bandung on March 24, 1946. Within seven hours, about 200,000 residents of Bandung burned their homes.
British troops as part of the Brigade MacDonald arrived in Bandung on October 12, 1945. Bandung was deliberately burned by TRI and local people. There were black smoke billowing high into the air everywhere. The British Army began to attack so fierce. The greatest battle happened in the Village name Dayeuh Kolot, in South Bandung, where there were a large ammunition depot belonging to British. In this battle, Barisan Rakyat Indonesia destroyed the ammunition depot.
The strategy to fire Bandung was considered because the power of TRI and people’s militia was not comparable to the British forces and NICA. This incident inspired to create the famous song “Halo Halo Bandung”. To remember what they did and struggled, they built the Bandung Lautan Api monument.

1. Whats is the text about ?
a. about the story of Brigade MacDonald
b. about was a fire that occurred in Bandung
c. about the residents of bandung
d. about the history Local people of Bandung
e. about the history of Bandung as Sea of Fire

2. Where did the Bandung as Sea of Fire?
a. in the city of Bandung
b. in the villages of Bandung
c. in the Government of Bandung
d. in the the air of Bandung
e. in the sea of Bandung

3. What can we learn?
a. The strong army
b. The confort of living in Bandung
c. The wise of local people
d. The beauty of Bandung landscape
e. The spirit of never giving up

4. How was the Bandung as Sea of Fire!
a. It was deliberately burned
b. It was built by local people
c. It was announced by Brigade MacDonald
d. It was supported by NICA
e. It was struggled by militia

5. Why did people build the BLA monument?
a. To commemorate a historical event that took place in the city on the evening of July 24th, 1946.
b. To commemorate Indonesian awakening day.
c. To commemorate a historical event that took place in the city on the evening of March 24th, 1946
d. To commemorate a historical event that took place in the city on the evening of March 24, 1944.
e. To amuse the reader.

6. What’s kind of text that you have already read?
a. Historical recount
b. Personal recount
c. Imaginative recount
d. Fantastic recount
e. Lame recount

7. What is the social function of the text …
a. To entertain the reader about fairy tale
b. To explain the process of how the people get the freedom
c. To inform about last historical story
d. To tell the reader about a historical event
e. To review about historical movie

 Text for question no 8-11

The Supersemar, the Indonesian abbreviation for “Surat Perintah Sebelas Maret” ( Order of March the Eleventh), was a document signed by the Indonesian President Sukarno on 11 March 1966.
It is said that it was giving the army commander Lt. General Soeharto authority to take whatever measures he ”deemed necessary” to restore order to the chaotic situation during the Indonesian killings of 1965-1966.
The abbreviation of “Supersemar” is a play on the name of Semar, the mystic and powerful figure who commonly appears in Javanese mythology including wayang puppet shows. The invocation of Semar was presumably intended to help draw on Javanese mythology to lend support to Soeharto’s legitimacy during the period of the transition of authority from Soekarno to Soeharto.

8. What is actually Supersemar?
a. Agreement between Soekarno and Soeharto in 1966
b. Soekarno’s legal order to give Soeharto authority in 1966
c. Official letter from Soeharto to take the immediate action

d. Formal decree of Soeharto to President in March 1965
e. The official decree from Soekarno to Soeharto in 1959

9. It is said that it was…..(second paragraph line 1). What does the word “it” refer to?
a. Authority
b. Document
c. Instruction
d. Supersemar
e. Chaotic situation

10. How long was the chaotic situation happened?
a. One month
b. Three months
c. Six months
d. Eight months
e. One year

11. What does the last paragraph tell us about?
a. The origin of word supersemar
b. The history of supersemar
c. The spirits of supersemar
d. The effect of supersemar
e. The expectation of supersemar

 

Text for question no 12-20

On 10 November, Indonesia celebrates Hari Pahlawan or Heroes Day in remembrance of the Battle of Surabaya which started on that very date in the year 1945. The bloody battle took place because Indonesians refused to surrender their weaponry to British army. British Army at that time was part of the Allied Forces. The defiant Bung Tomo is the well-known revolutionary leader who played a very important role in this battle.
It all started because of a misunderstanding between British troops in Jakarta and those in Surabaya, under the command of Brigadier A.W.WS. Mallaby. Brigadier Mallaby already had an agreement with Governor of East Java Mr. Surya. The agreement stated that British would not ask Indonesian troops and militia to surrender their weapons.
However, a British plane from Jakarta dropped leaflets all over Surabaya. The leaflet told Indonesians to do otherwise on 27 October 1945. This action angered the Indonesian troops and militia leaders because they felt betrayed.
On 30 October 1945, Brigadier Mallaby was killed as he was approaching the British troops’ post near Jembatan Merah or Red Bridge, Surabaya. There were many reports about the death, but it was widely believed that the Brigadier was murdered by Indonesian militia. Looking at this situation, Lieutenant General Sir Philip Christison brought in reinforcements to siege the city.
In the early morning of 10 November 1945, British troops began to advance into Surabaya with cover from both naval and air bombardment. Although the Indonesians defended the city heroically, the city was conquered within 3 days and the whole battle lasted for 3 weeks. In total, between 6,000 and 16,000 Indonesians died while casualties on the British side were about 600 to 2000.
Battle of Surabaya caused Indonesia to lose weaponry which hampered the country’s independence struggle. However, the battle provoked Indonesian and international mass to rally for the country’s independence which made this battle especially important for Indonesian national revolution.

12. What is the passage about?
a. about the battle of Surabaya
b. about the leaflet of Indonesia
c. about the story of surabaya
d. about the biography of Brigadier Mallaby
e. about the strong British troops

13. When did the battle take place?
a. 10 November 1945
b. 27 October 1945
c. 3 days after 10 November 1945
d. 3 weeks before 27 October 1945
e. after Indonesians surrender their weaponry to British army

14. Where did it happen?
a. in Surabaya
b. in Jakarta
c. in the sea of surabaya
d. in the land of Jakarta
e. in the air of surabaya

15. What caused the battle?
a. British supported Indonesia to attack NICA
b. British asked Indonesian troops and militia to surrender their weapons
c. The militia refused to signt the agreement
d. The Indonesia troop is very strong army in that time
e. Indonesia lose weaponry

16. What do think about the Indonesian military power compared to that of the British army at that time?
a. The Indonesian troop was more powerful and more modern
b. The British Army was more powerful and modern
c. Indonesian artmy has had more complete weaponry
d. Surabaya was only attacked from the sea.
e. Surabaya was only attacked from the air.

17. What made the Indonesians dare to face the British army military aggression?
a. Indonesia liked fighting
b. Indonesia misunderstood about the power of British army
c. Indonesia wanted to be remmbered as hereos in the Battle of Surabaya
d. The spirit to defend the country’s independence encouraged Indonesia
e. Indonesia needed the aggressor.

18. How did the battle influence the national revolution at that time?
a. The battle provoked international communities to rally to support the independence movement of Indonesia.
b. The battle did not provoke international communities to rally to support the independence movement of Indonesia.
c. The battle provokes international communities to rally to support the independence movement of Indonesia.
d. The battle had provoked international communities to rally to support the independence movement of Indonesia.
e. The battle had provoke international communities to rally to support the independence movement of Indonesia.

19. Who was the prominent figure in the battle?
a. Governor of East Java
b. Mr. Surya
c. Brigadier Mallaby
d. Sir Philip Christison
e. Bung Tomo

20. Why do you think the date of the Battle of Surabaya is used as a momentum to commemorate our hero’s contribution?
a. The Battle of Surabaya was fierce and bloody.
b. The Battle of Surabaya was not fierce and bloody.
c. The Battle of Surabaya were fierce and bloody.
d. The freedom fighters and people did not fight hand in hand till heroically
e. The freedom fighters and people did not fight hand in hand till heroically

 

Text for question no 21-25

On August 6, 1945 an atomic bomb was dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima by the United States. It demoralized the spirit of the Japanese army in the world. The following day, The Committee for Indonesian Independence confirmed the wish to achieve the Independence of Indonesia. On August 9, 1945, the second atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki, causing the Japanese surrendered to the United States and its allies.
On 14 August 1945, Japan formally surrendered to the Allies on board the USS Missouri. hearing this,a young group urged elderly to immediately proclaim the independence of Indonesia. However, the elderly did not want group did want to rush. Some consultation was conducted in days of meeting. They then prepared the text of the proclamation of Indonesian Independence.
The next morning ,on 17 August 1945, Soekarno read the text of the proclamation of Indonesia independence. Then the flag of Indonesia was raised-followed by a speech by Soewirijo, deputy mayor of Jakarta. It was the mark of the The next morning ,on 17 August 1945, Soekarno read the text of the proclamation of Indonesia independence. Then the flag of Indonesia was raised-followed by a speech by soewirijo, deputy mayor of Jakarta. It was the mark of the independence of a country.

21. What is the text about?
a. The events which happened before the Proclamation of Indonesian Independence
b. The events which happened after the Proclamation of Indonesian Independence
c. The events which happened when Soekarno was declaring Indonesian Independence
d. The events which happened when Soekarno was meeting with the committee of Indonesian Independence
e. The events which happened when a young group was urging Soekarno to state the Indonesian Independence

22. When did Indonesian Independence proclamation happen?
a. on 17 August 1945
b. On 6 August 1945
c. On 9 August 1945
d. On 14 August 1945
e. on 15 August 1945

23. What is not the background event?
a. The bombing in Hiroshima
b. The bombing in Nagasaki
c. Japan surrendered to the Allies
d. A young group urged elderly
e. The flag of Indonesia was raised

24. What happened before 14 August 1945?
a.The bombing in Nagasaki
b. Soekarno read the text of the proclamation
c. A young group urged elderly
d. The flag of Indonesia was raised
e. The spirit of the Japanese army was demoralized

25. How is the date 17 August 1945 for Indonesia?
a. usual
b. common
c. unspecial
d. unimportant
e. significant

 

B. Write a recount text. You can rewrite the chronology of the battle of Surabaya. If you choose that, read the passage again , then close the book. Now try to rewrite the chronology of the events in the Battle of Surabaya using your own words.

 

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