Lompat ke konten Lompat ke sidebar Lompat ke footer

BIG X CHAPTER 4

 CHAPTER 4 : DESCRIPTIVE TEXT




Kompetensi Dasar

3.4 Membedakan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan beberapa teks deskriptif lisan dan tulis dengan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait tempat wisata dan bangunan bersejarah terkenal, pendek dan sederhana, sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya

4.4 Teks deskriptif

4.4.1 Menangkap makna secara kontekstual terkait fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan teks deskriptif, lisan dan tulis, pendek dan sederhana terkait tempat wisata dan bangunan bersejarah terkenal

4.4.2 Menyusun teks deskriptif lisan dan tulis, pendek dan sederhana, terkait tempat wisata dan bangunan bersejarah terkenal, dengan memperhatikan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan, secara benar dan sesuai konteks



Text 1 :



Pink Beach or Pantai Merah Muda is one of the beaches in Komodo island, East Nusa Tenggara. The beach is called Pink Beach because the sand beach is pink. The pink color of its beach is a mixture of white sand beach colors mixed with crushed coral, shells, calcium carbonate from marine invertebrates that are very small, and also Foraminifera, microscopic amoeba that has a red body shell.

At Pink Beach, there are so many marine organisms. No fewer than 1,000 species of fish, 260 species of coral, and 70 species of sponge can be found here. Having so much marine life, this place is a proper spot for snorkeling and diving for sea sports lovers.

 

Text 2


Monas National Monument


The National Monument, or "Monas" as it is popularly called, is one of the monuments built during the Sukarno era of fierce nationalism. The top of the National Monument (Monas) is Freedom Square. It stands for the people's determination to achieve freedom and the crowning of their efforts in the Proclamation of Independence in August 1945. The 137-meter tall marble obelisk is topped with a flame coated with 35 kg of gold. The base houses a historical museum and a hall for meditations. The monument is open to the public and upon request the lift can carry visitors to the top, which offers a bird's eye view on the city and the sea.
Go early to beat the crowds and the haze. It is easy for the less physically able as lifts take visitors to the top. The diorama exhibition in the basement gives such a distorted view of Indonesian history.
This imposing obelisk is Jakarta's most famous landmark. Construction started in 1961 under President Soekarno but was not completed until 1975, under President Soeharto. The monument houses a couple of museums. The Freedom Hall depicts Indonesia's struggle for independence through a series of dioramas, whereas the Hall of Contemplation displays the original Declaration of Independence document and a recording of the speech.

Text 3

Borobudur Temple





Borobudur is the largest temple in Indonesia. Candi Borobudur is located in Magelang, Central Java, in addition to being a bustling tourist attraction, is also a center of worship for Buddhists in Indonesia, especially in every celebration of Vesak. This is consistent with the meaning of its name is “monastery in the hills”. Borobudur is currently designated as one of the UNESCO World Heritage.

Borobudur was built around 800 BC or 9th century. Borobudur was built by the followers of the Mahayana agamaBuddha during the reign of the Sailendra dynasty. This temple was built in the heyday of the Sailendra dynasty. Borobudur founder, King Samaratungga from dynastic or Sailendra dynasty. The possibility of this temple was built around 824 AD and was completed around the year 900 AD during the reign of Queen Pramudawardhani who is the daughter of Samaratungga. While the architects who contributed to build this temple according to the story of hereditary named Gunadharma.

The word Borobudur itself by first written evidence written by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, the Governor General of Great Britain in Java, which gave the name of this temple. There is no written evidence that older who gave it the name Borobudur temple. The only documents that indicate the existence oldest temple is Nagarakretagama book, which was written by MPU Prapanca in 1365. In the book written that the temple was used as a place of Buddhist meditation.

The meaning of the name Borobudur “monastery in the hills”, which is derived from the word “bara” (temple or monastery) and “beduhur” (hills or high place) in Sanskrit. Therefore, in accordance with the meaning of the name Borobudur, then this place since it was used as a place of Buddhist worship.

This temple for centuries no longer used. Then because of volcanic eruptions, most of the buildings covered Borobudur volcanic soil. In addition, the building is covered with trees and shrubs for centuries. Then the building of this temple began to be forgotten in the days of Islam arrived in Indonesia around the 15th century.

In 1814 when the British occupied Indonesia, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles heard of the discovery of giant archaeological object in the village Bumisegoro Magelang. Due to the great interest the history of Java, then immediately ordered Raffles HC Cornelius, a Dutch engineer, to investigate the discovery of the location it is a hill covered with shrubs.

Cornelius assisted by about 200 men cut down trees and remove shrubs that covered the giant building. Because the building is already fragile and could collapse, then report to the Raffles Cornelius invention includes several images. Because of the discovery, Raffles was honored as the person who started the restoration of Borobudur and got the attention of the world. In 1835, the entire area of ​​the temple has been excavated. The temple continues restored the Dutch colonial period.





Descriptive text
Descriptive text is a text which used to describe something, someone or place. It is a text which says what a person or a thing is like.


The purpose of descriptive text
The purpose of descriptive text is to describe something, someone or place in a detailed so that the readers or listeners are able to understand what we describe and are able to imagine the thing that we describe.


The Language features of descriptive text
-Spesific participants
=> has a certain object. For example : borobudur temple, Ranu beach.

-The use of adjective
=> to clarify the noun. For example : a beautiful beach, a famous temple.

-The use of simple present tense



Generic structure of descriptive text
Descriptive text has two main parts :
1. Identification
This parts contain about the introduction of a person, place, will be describe.

2. Description
This part gives details of the characteristics subject.



Identification merupakan bagian awal dari descriptive text. Identification terletak pada awal cerita atau awal teks. Bagian ini berisi pengenalan dari topik yang terkait.

Setelah Identification, ada Description yang akan berisi informasi lebih lanjut terkait dengan benda/tempat yang akan di deskripsikan,

Fitur Kebahasaan atau susunan kata dan kalimat yang digunakan dalam descriptive text adalah sebagai berikut: 


 


Benda/tempat/tokoh yang akan kalian deskripsikan harus jelas dan spesifik. Gunakanlah berbagai macam kata sifat (adjective) untuk menggambarkan subjek yang dideskripsikan. Gunakanlah simple present tense. Gunakan kata kerja untuk memaparkan suatu kejadian atau suatu aksi yang berurutan.

 

Ø  Ciri Kebahasaan Descriptive Text / Language Features of Descriptive Text

Noun : Menggunakan kata benda yang spesifik, seperti misalnya my cat, my boyfriend, National Monument, Selain itu, sering juga menggunakan adjective (kata sifat) untuk memperjelas penggunaan noun atau kata benda, seperti a big house, a smart student, an independence woman.

Simple present tense : menggunakan kata kerja dasar atau bentuk pertama (verb 1) serta menggunakan kata kerja yang dapat menunjukkan kepemilikan atau keadaan sebuah objek. Descriptive text menggunakan simple present tense karena descriptive text menceritakan sebuah fakta dari objek yang dideskripsikan. Misalnya My office has 22 floors, Queen is pretty, dan lain-lain.

Action verbs : Menggunakan kata kerja yang menunjukkan sebuah kegiatan atau sebuah aktifitas yang bisa dilihat. Misalnya, sleep, walk, sing, dance, dll.

Figurative language : Menggunakan bahasa yang figurative atau menggambarkan sesuatu, Biasanya menggunakan sebuah metafora untuk memberikan ilustrasi kepada pembaca. Misalnya:

§  My love for you is as big as the ocean. – Cintaku padamu seluas lautan.

§  Her skin is as white as the snow – Kulitnya seputih salju.

 

Task 1

Read the text and answer the questions !

Taj Mahal is regarded as one of the eight wonders of the world. It was built by a Muslim Emperor Shah Jahan in the memory of his dear wife at Agra. Taj Mahal is a Mausoleum that houses the grave of queen Mumtaz Mahal. The mausoleum is a part of a vast complex comprising of a main gateway, an elaborate garden, a mosque (to the left), a guest house (to the right), and several other palatial buildings. The Taj is at the farthest end of this complex, with the river Jamuna behind it. The Taj stands on a raised, square platform (186 x 186 feet) with its four corners truncated, forming an unequal octagon. The architectural design uses the interlocking arabesque concept, in which each element stands on its own and perfectly integrates with the main structure. It uses the principles of self-replicating geometry and a symmetry of architectural elements. Its central dome is fifty-eight feet in diameter and rises to a height of 213 feet. It is flanked by four subsidiary domed chambers. The four graceful, slender minarets are 162.5 feet each. The central domed chamber and four adjoining chambers include many walls and panels of Islamic decoration. Taj Mahal is built entirely of white marble. Its stunning architectural beauty is beyond adequate description, particularly at dawn and sunset. The Taj seems to glow in the light of the full moon. On a foggy morning, the visitors experience the Taj as if suspended when viewed from across the Jamuna river. Instruction :

 

1. What is the text about?

2. Who built Taj Mahal?

3. What is Taj Mahal?

4. Where is Taj Mahal located?

5. How long the diameter of Taj Mahal’s dome?

6. What is the concept that used in designing Taj Mahal?

7. How can Taj Mahal seem glow in the light of the moon?

 

Task 2

Read the text carefully. Then, fill in the blanks. 

Singapore is a city state; it is a city but it is also a state. It is a Republic. Along with Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, The Philippines and Brunei, it belongs to ASEAN, the association of South-East Asian Nations. Like Indonesia, Singapore is a country of Thineka Tunggal &a' Chinese, Malaysia, Indians and Eura-sians make up its citizens. Other Asians, including Indonesia, Japanese, Philippines, Koreans, Thais and Arabs also live on that tiny island. Singapore is sometimes called 'Instant Asia' because you can see varieties of customs, cultures and foods or nearly all Asia in Singapore. 

1. Singapore is not only a city but also a .... 

2. Singapore and others countries in Southeast Asia form an organization called .... 

3. According to the text, Singapore is sometimes called .... 

4. Singapore is a country of.... (par 2). The synonym of the bold word is .... 

5. Singapore is not big in ... because it only has a small island and the smaller ones. 




Grammar Review

Nouns and Adjectives

Noun is a thing, a place, or a person, an animal, while adjective is a word that describes a noun. An adjective that describes a noun is called a modifier. A noun that goes with a modifier is called a noun phrase.

Benda, tempat, orang, dan binatang termasuk Noun (Kata benda), sedangkan adjective(kata sifat) adalah suatu kata yang menjelaskan Noun(benda). Kata sifat yang menjelaskan kata benda disebut dengan modifier. Kata benda yang berdampingan dengan modifier disebut Noun phrase.

Contoh:
   

No

Adjectives

Nouns

Noun phrases

1.

beautiful

bird

Beautiful bird

2.

unique

monkey

Unique monkey

3.

nice

place

Nice place



Contoh dalam kalimat:

1. Taj Mahal offers spectacular view.

2. Tanjung Puting National Park offers an impressive experience.

3. In a real jungle, we can see many incredible animals.

4. Imagine yourself to be in the jungle and meet these special animals in their original habitat.


The common word order of adjectives before a noun.

Opinion

Size

Age

Color

Nationality

Material

Noun

Impressive

large

old

purple

chinese

ceramic

vase

Beautiful

little

young

dark

Indonesian

-

girl

 Contoh:

 1.    Large black stones               : Size, color, noun.

2.    a unique golden monkey      : opinion, color, noun.

3.    Octagonal marble chamber  : opinion, material, noun

4.    Beautiful big young girl         : opinion, size, age, noun.

https://bahasainggrissmp-mts.blogspot.com/2020/07/rangkuman-materi-kelas-10-sma-smk-ma.html

 

Task 3

Now, read the phrases below. Identify the modifiers. See number 1 as an example. 

1.  large black stones   → size   color  noun

2.  a shallow small lake   → _____ _____ _____

3.  cold tiny droplets   → _____ _____ _____

4.  sweet yellow corns   → _____ _____ _____

5.  powerful small ants   → _____ _____ _____

6.  beautiful white palace   → _____ _____ _____

7.  favorite slender minarets  → _____ _____ _____

8.  an enormous reddish snout  → _____ _____ _____

9.  misty grey morning    → _____ _____ _____

10  four smaller domes   → _____ _____ _____ _____

11.  breathtaking blue view  → _____ _____ _____ _____




COMPETENCE TEST

Descriptive Text of Historical Place and Tourism Object 1
Angkor Wat was faced a Hindu temple,a manof Budhist temple completed in Cambodia. It is the largest religious monument in the world. The temple was built by the Khmer King, Suryawarman II in the early twelveth century in Yosadapura, the capital of the Khmer Empire as this temple of eventual moslem. It is dedicated to Wisnu.It is designed to represent Khmer Meru, frame of the Devis in Hindu mithology within the mouth and has an outer wall which is 3 to 7 km long. It has three rectangular galleries which races about the neck. At the centre of the temple stand Queen Cap of Tower.

1. What is the monolog about?
A. Gallery complex.
B. Buddhist mythology.
C. Cambodia.
D. Khmer Empire.
E. Angkor Wat.

2. In the twelveth century which Empire was strong enough to build the biggest temple of the world?
A. Old Empire.
B. Yosadapura Empire.
C. Meru Empire.
D. The King Empire.
E. Khmer Empire.

Descriptive Text of Historical Place and Tourism Object 2
Paris is the capital city of FrancE. It is one of the most beautiful cities in the worlD. It is also one of the world’s most crowded cities. Lovely gardens and parks are found throughout Paris. At night, many palaces and statues are lit up. For this reason, Paris is often called the city of light. Every year, millions of people visit Paris. The most popular place to visit is the Eiffel Tower. This huge structure has become the symbol of Paris. D’Louvre, one of the world‘s largest art museums draws many visitors. The Cathedral Notre Dame, a famous church, is an other favourite place to visit.

3. What is the monologue about?
A. Paris
B. The Louvre
C. Notre Dame
D. The crowded city
E. The city of light

4. What has become the symbol of Paris?
A. The Louvre
B. The Cathedral
C. The Eiffel Tower
D. The lovely garden
E. The light structure

This museum is located in Ambarawa in central JavA. The musseum focuses on the collection of steam locomotivE. Ambarawa was a military city during the dutch colonial government. King Willem I ordered the construction of the new railway station to enable the government to transport it’s troops to Semarang. On may the 21st 1873, the Ambarawa railway station was built on 100,027,500 squares meter lanD. Back then it was known as the Willem I station. The Ambarawa railway museum was established much later on October 16, 1976 in the Ambarawa station to preserve the steam locomotivE. They were coming to the end of their useful life when the 3 feet 6 inches guard railway or the Indonesian state railway or Perusahaan Negara Kereta Api was closeD. The steam locomotives are parked in the open air next to the original station

. What was the Ambarawa called during the dutch colonial government?
A. A military city
B. A railway museum,
C. A new railway town,
D. King Willem I station.
E. Steam locomotives station,

6. Why was the Ambarawa railway museum established?
A. To build new railway museums.
B. To transport government troops.
C. To preserve the steam locomotives
D. To build a new government station.
E. To park the locomotives at the original station,

Descriptive Text of Historical Place and Tourism Object 3
On the banks of the Chao Phraya, Bangkok’s “River of Kings”, lies a hotel that has already set new standards of hospitality for this celebrated city.
Set in magnificently lanscaped tropical gardens, the Shangri-La Bangkok provides guests with all the charm and warmth of the orient and, at the same time, unsurpassed range of facilities and leisure activities. There is a choice of 12 superb settings in which to wine and dine, a large free-form swimming pool that overlooks the river, conventoin and meeting facilities for up to 2000 people, and a 24-hour business centre.

And, from every single guest room and suite, there is a breathtaking view of all the exotic hustle and bustle of the fabled “River of Kings”. One might expect such a well-equipped and positioned hotel to be miles away from the city center but, at Shangri-La Bangkok the busness district and main shopping areas are mere minutes away.
From more than 200 years, Bangkok’s granduer has been reflected in the waters of the Chao PhrayA. Today, the Shangri-La Bangkok towers beside this majestic river, offers its guests the golden promise of the East.

. For how many people the meeting facilities are up to?
A. 5000 people.
B. 4000 people.
C. 2000 people.
D. 1000 people.
E. 500 people.

8. The text mainly focuses on…
A. Bangkok’s granduer.
B. Bangkok’s ”River Kings.”
C. The water of the Chao Praya.
D. The majestic river in Bangkok.
E. Shangri-La Bangkok.

Descriptive Text of Historical Place and Tourism Object 4


Losari beach is a beautiful beach and located on the edge city of Makassar. It is located only about 3 km from the center of Makassar (Karebosi Park). The beach used to be the longest café in Asia, because many cafes stand in along the beach, but now the cafes are collected in a special place so it does not spread along the coast. Charm of the beach is mainly seen in the evening when the sunset stands out. This is a major attraction of people’s coming to the Losari beach.
Every evening hundreds of people come to witness the panorama of red as the sun will disappear into the ocean, so do not miss the sunset at the Losari beach. If the sky is sunny, the scenery is absolutely perfect. Because of its location in a bay, the water of Losari is even often quiet as usual pool water.
Losari is its waterfront of Makassar. The lengthy of the beach is approximately one kilometer and it is a public space that can be accessed by anyonE. On this beach there is a park called the Pelataran Bahari (Marine Park), with semicircular area of nearly one hectarE. This place is a plaza with a clean floor for children to play and running around, while parents and teens sit on concrete benches to enjoy the sea breezE. From this place, you are also free to view out to the sea and watch the sunset slowly turns reddish in the line of the horizon. The reflected light also creates sheen on the surface of sea water.
The Pelataran Bahari also serves as the stadium of open water to watch the coastal waters in front of Losari beach. This coastal water is often used as a racecourse jet ski, boat races and traditional boat jolloro katinting, or become a transit point of rely of Sandeq traditional sailboats and yachts.
In Losari there are also a few hotels. Some of them qualified as a tree stars hotel. The hotel is offering panoramic beauty of the sea with luxury service treats. There are Losari Beach Hotel, Losari Beach Inn, Makassar Golden Hotel, and Pantai Gapura Hotel. All of the hotels located in Jalan Penghibur.

9. What is the main idea of the text?
A. Losari beach is a awful place.
B. Losari beach is a good place to visit.
C. No body visit Losari beach.
D. Many visitor on Pantai Gapura Hotel.
E. No one stay at Losari Beach Inn.

10. How many hotels does the writer mention?
A. Six hotels.
B. Five hotels.
C. Four hotels.
D. Three hotels.
E. Two hotels.

11. Where is Losari beach located?
A. Somewhere at Makassar City.
B. Locate at Jalan Penghibur.
C. Near Makassar City.
D. Far away from Losari Beach Inn.
E. Located only about 3 km from the center of Makassar (Karebosi Park).



Descriptive Text of Historical Place and Tourism Object 5
The Shard is an 87-storey skyscraper, which sits in the heart of London. It is known as the shard of glass. Construction began in 2009 and was completed three years later in 2012, making it Western European’s tallest building.
Designed by architect Renzo Piano, The Shart is the second tallest free standing structure in the UK. Its exterior boasts 11,000 glass panels — that’s equivalent in area to eight football pitches or two-and-a-half Trafalgar Squares.
The building was developed to have multiple uses, describes on the website as a ‘vertical city where people can live, work and relax’. This motto was clearly taken on board that was found on the 72nd floor towards the end of construction.

12. What is the text about?
A. The architect Renzo Piano
B. The Shard glass panels
C. The Shard, building in London
D. The tallest building in London
E. The heart of London

13. In Europe, the Shard gains popularity on its …
A. Location
B. Function
C. Height
D. Age
E. Usage

14. What probably makes people interested to stay in the Shard?
A. It has multiple uses
B. It is the tallest building in UK
C. It was built by famous architect
D. It is located in the heart of London
E. It is very cheap

15. “…, making it Western European’s tallest building.” What does the underlined word “it” refer to?
A. The Shard
B. The glass
C. London
D. Skyscraper
E. Renzo Piano


Descriptive Text of Historical Place and Tourism Object 6
Kediri is a name of a town. It is situated in a valley between the Kelud and Willis mountains and inhabited by about 1.3 million peoplE. In the centre of the town there is a large hill which is called the Dathok Mountain. Because of the topography of the region, Kediri is called a chilly town by the locals. There is a big river called Brantas cutting off the centre of the town.
Beside the temples, Kediri is also famous for its products like cigarettes and a special kind of tofu or bean curD. This highly nutritious food is delicacy of Kediri and has a distinctive tastE. The cigarettes factory dominates the town economy and employs the majority of the women labor forcE. Kediri and the cigarettes factory are inseparable and it is considered the biggest cigarette factory in IndonesiA. Most of the local people work in this factory. Those who do not work here are farmers or traders.

16. What does the above text tell about?
A. The history of Kediri
B. The famous products of Kediri
C. The description of Kediri
D. The people
E. 1.3 million people

17. Which one has a distinctive taste?
A. The cigarette
B. The special food
C. The bean curd
D. The highly nutritious food
E. Tofu

 18. “Those who do not work here …” (last sentence). The “those” word refers to ….
A. The local people
B. The factory workers
C. The farmers
D. The traders
E. Woman labour force



Descriptive Text of Historical Place and Tourism Object 7
Masjid Sultan Suriansyah is a historical mosquE. Built 300 years ago, this building is the oldest mosque in South Kalimantan. The mosque is located in the North Kuin Village of Banjarmasin. It was built in the reign of Sultan Suriansyah known as Pangeran SamuderA. He was the first Banjarnese King who converted into Islam. This mosque was found on the bank of the Kuin River, near KampungKraton, which was destroyed by the Dutch colonial.
The construction of Masjid Sultan Suriansyah was uniquE. The roof is layereD. It took the Banjar’s past architecture before Islam camE. Different from any other old mosques in Banjar, the mihrab has its own roof, separated from the main building.

19. Masjid Sultan Suriansyah was constructed in the era of ….
A. Banjar people
B. Dutch colonial
C. Kalimantan King
D. Sultan Suriansyah

20. What is mainly discussed in the text?
A. A king reign
B. A palace complex
C. An Islamic location
D. A historical mosque

21. From the text we know that ….
A. Some construction of the mosque takes the local style
B. Banjar people burned down the mosque
C. There is nothing special from this mosque
D. The Dutch colonial built the mosque



Descriptive Text of Historical Place and Tourism Object 8
Bale Kambang is a small village in the Southern coast of East Java, seventy kilometers from Malang town and two hours’ drive from South. It is well known for its long beautiful white sandy beach as well as the similarity of its temple to the one of Tanah Lot in Bali.
In Bale Kambang, there are three small rocky islands namely Ismaya Island, Wisanggeni Island, and Anoman Island, those names are taken from “wayang” figures (Java traditional puppets). These islands are surrounded by Indonesian Ocean which huge waves frighten most overseas cruisers.

22. What makes Bale Kambang famous?
A. Small rocky islands
B. Long beautiful beach
C. Huge waves of ocean
D. Overseas cruisers
E. three small rocky islands

23. What is the main idea of the second paragraph?
A. There are three rocky islands in Bale Kambang
B. Huge waves frighten many overseas cruisers
C. Names of rocky islands are taken from “wayang”figures
D. The rocky islands are in the middle of the sea
E. Small village of Bale Kambang


 Descriptive Text of Historical Place and Tourism Object 9
Orchard Road is a Boulevard which becomes business and entertainment center in SingaporE. Orchard Road is surrounded by a lush tropical and flower gardens which are beautiful. At first, Orchard Road is just a suburban street lined with orchards, plantations nutmeg, and pepper farming. However, in the 1970s, it turned into a shopping center in SingaporE. In 1960 and 1970 entertainment industries began to enter this roaD. Shopping centers such as mall and Plaza was built in 1974.
Orchard Road runs along about 2.2 km. This road is one-way street flanked by a variety of shopping malls, hotels and restaurants. The shopping area which is nearly 800,000 square meters provides a wide range of Things, food, and entertainment. In this area there are many options that can satisfy visitors from all walks of life starting from the luxury branded things to the Popular branded, from exclusive restaurants to fast food.
There are so many ways that can be accessed to get to Orchard road such as: by taxi, bus or drive your own car. For those who are driving to Orchard Road can be entered from the west through the Napier RoaD. Vehicles from Dunearn Road can turn to left at the intersection of the Marriott Hotel junction. Vehicles that come from Paterson can turn right onto Orchard RoaD. Orchard is always crowded so you have to be careful in order not to get lost.

24. The text mainly focuses on
A. Singapore
B. Orchard Plantation
C. Plaza and Mall
D. Orchard road as business and entertainment center
E. Shopping Center

25. Which statement is TRUE?
A. At first Orchard Road is a crowded settlement
B. Orchard road became business and entertainment center since 1974
C. Vehicles from Dunrean road turn to the left at intersection of the Marriott Hotel junction D. Orchard road is infamous place at Singapore
E. Orchard road is not surrounded by flower garden

26. In the third paragraph the writer describes about?
A. The location of Orchard Road
B. The things that we can see at orchard road
C. The direction to get to Orchard Road
D. The history of Orchard Road
E. The distance of Orchard Road

27. Words “it” in line 4 refers to?
A. The plantation
B. Luxury branded things
C. The plaza
D. Singapore
E. Suburban street

28. The word “satisfy” in line eighth has the closet meaning with?
A. Pleased
B. Free
C. Frighten
D. Threat
E. Loved


Descriptive Text of Historical Place and Tourism Object 10
Petruk cave is one of the leading tourist attractions in Kebumen, Central JavA. The cave is located in the dukuh Mandayana Candirenggo Village, Ayah District, Kebumen regency. In the petruk cave there is no lighting that illuminates the cavE. It is still very natural cave so that petruk cave is very dark to be entereD. Petruk cave’s name is taken from the punokawan of puppet characters that is Petruk. The cave Named Petruk cave because the length of cave is as long as petruk’s nose.
In the cave there are 3 floors that are the first is a basic cave, Hindu caves and Petruk cavE. The base cave is a short cave which is just 100 meters away. The cave is used for tourist attractions. Hindu cave is part of the cave that is usually used to put offerings to the ancestor. Inside Petruk cave there are so many stalactites and stalagmites which are really awesomE. If you want to explore this cave, you must be led by guides who are ready to take you through the cavE. After arriving at the end of the cave, you can see the beach or waterfall located near at the end of the cave

29. What is the text purpose?
A. To inform readers about tourism in Kebumen
B. To entertain reader about Petruk Cave
C. To explain the reader about floors in Petruk Cave
D. To Introduce The Local tourism in Kebumen
E. To describe Petruk Cave

30. Why did Petruk cave named as one of character in Punokawan puppet?
A. Because the cave is belong to Petruk
B. Because Petruk is the first explorer of the cave
C. Because Petruk is buried at the cave
D. Because the cave’s length is as long as Petruk’s nose
E. Because the cave’s depth is as deep as Petruk’s hair

31. Which part of Petruk Cave which used for place to put foods for ancestor?
A. In the basic cave
B. In petruk cave
C. In Hindu cave
D. In front of the cave
E. Inside the cave

32. What is stalactites means?
A. A type of formation that hangs from the ceiling of caves
B. Types of formation that lay on the floor of caves
C. Types of food given to ancestor
D. Someone who guide the visitor in the cave
E. Kind of animals in the cave

33. What is “lead” means in paragraph 2?
A. Guide
B. Take
C. Bring
D. Put
E. Place



Descriptive Text of Historical Place and Tourism Object 11
Venice is a city in northern Italy. It has been known as the “Queen of the Adriatic”, “City of Bridges”, and “The City of Light”. The city stretches across 117 small islands in the marshy Venetian Lagoon along the Adriatic Sea in northeast Italy.
Venice is world famous for its canals. It is built on an archipelago of 117 islands formed by about 150 canals in a shallow lagoon. The islands on which the city is built are connected by about 400 bridges. In the old centre, the canals serve the function of roads, and every form of transport is on water or on foot.
You can ride gondola therE. It is the classical Venetian boat which nowadays is mostly used for tourists, or weddings, funerals, or other ceremonies. Now, most Venetians travel by motorised waterbuses which ply regular routes along the major canals and between the city’s islands. The city has many private boats. The only gondolas still in common use by Venetians are the Traghetti, foot passenger ferries crossing the Grand Canal at certain points without bridges.

34. What does the text tell you about?
A. Gondola.
B. Traghetti.
C. Venice
D. Italy.
E. Venetian boat

35. What transport crosses the Grand Canal for foot passengers at certain points without bridges?
A. Gondolas.
B. Traghetti.
C. Waterbuses.
D. Lagoon.
E. Ship

36. From the text we can say that Venice belongs to a city of ….
A. water
B. ceremonies
C. buses
D. funerals
E. Gondola

37. What does the second paragraph of the text tell us about?
A. The forms of transport in the worlD.
B. The canals and roads that people like to usE.
C. The archipelago that has a lot of islands.
D. Venice as the world famous for its canals.
E. Venice is the city of light


Descriptive Text of Historical Place and Tourism Object 12
Natural Bridge National Park is luscious tropical rainforest.
It is located 110 kilometers from south of Brisbane and is reached by following the Pacific Highway to Nerang and then by travelling through the Numinbah Valley. This scenic roadway lies in the shadow of Lamington National Park.
The phenomenon of the rock formed into a natural ‘arch’ and the cave through which a waterfall cascades is a short one-kilometer walk below a dense rainforest canopy from the main picnic areA. Swimming is permitted in the rock pools. Night-time visitors to the cave will discover the unique feature of the glow worms. Picnic areas offers toilets, barbeque, shelter sheds, water and fireplaces; however, overnight camping is not permitted.

38. What is the function of paragraph 1?
A. as an identification
B. as an orientation
C. as a thesis
D. as a classification
E. as an abstract

39. The text above is in form of………….
A. hortatory exposition
B. narrative
C. description
D. report
E. explanation

40.What is the communicative purpose of the text?
A. to present two points of views about natural bridge national park
B. to explain the bridge national park
C. to describe the bridge national park
D. to retell the bridge national park
E. to persuade readers to treat preserve the bridge nationl park

41. Where is the natural bridge national park located?
A. 110 kilometers from South of Brisbane
B. 110 kilometers from Pacific Highway
C. 110 kilometers from Numinbah Valley
D. 110 kilometers from Lamington National Park
E. 110 kilometers from Nerang

42. What the visitors will see in the night?
A. a common glow worm
B. the unique feature of the glow worms
C. a great dark cave
D. the unique rocks
E. the fantastic bridge

43. The word ‘luscious’ in the text means………..
A. succulent
B. dense
C. dull
D. dry
E. arid

44. What is the function of paragraph 1?
A. as an identification
B. as an orientation
C. as a thesis
D. as a classification
E. as an abstract


45. The text above is in form of ………….
A. hortatory exposition
B. narrative
C. description
D. report
E. explanation


46. What is the communicative purpose of the text?
A. to present two points of views about natural bridge national park
B. to explain the bridge national park
C. to describe the bridge national park
D. to retell the bridge national park
E. to persuade readers to treat preserve the bridge nationl park


Descriptive Text of Historical Place and Tourism Object 13
The Suramadu Bridge (Indonesian: JembatanSuramadu), also known as the Surabaya–Madura Bridge, is a bridge with three cable-stayed sections constructed between Surabaya on the island of Java and the town of Bangkalan on the island of Madura in IndonesiA. Opened on June 10, 2009, the 5.4-km bridge is the longest in Indonesia and the first bridge to cross the Madura Strait.
The cable-stayed portion has three spans with lengths 192 m, 434 m and 192 m. The bridge has two lanes in each direction plus an emergency lane and a dedicated lane for motorcycles. The first toll bridge in Indonesia, fares have been initially set at Rp. 30,000 (US$3 in 2009) for four-wheeled vehicles and Rp. 3,000 (US$0.30) for two-wheelers.
The bridge was built by a consortium of Indonesian companies PT AdhiKarya and PT WaskitaKarya working with China Road and Bridge Corp. and China Harbor Engineering Co. LtD. The total cost of the project, including connecting roads, has been estimated at 4.5 trillion rupiah (US$445 million).
Construction was started on August 20, 2003. In July 2004, a girder collapsed, killing one worker and injuring nine others. Work on the bridge halted at the end of 2004 due to lack of funds, but was restarted in November 2005. The main span of the bridge was connected on March 31, 2009, and the bridge was opened to the public in June 10, 2009.Within a week of the opening, it was discovered that nuts and bolts as well as maintenance lamps had been stolen and that there was evidence of vandalism of cables supporting the main span.

47. Suramadu’s bridge also known as….
A. Longest bridge
B. sura and madu
C. Surabaya-Madura bridge
D. toll bridge
E. cable bridge

48. Suramadu’s bridge connects the island….
A. Java and Sumatra
B. Java and Bali
C. Sumatra and Kalimantan
D. Java and Madura
E. Java and Surabaya

49. Length of the Suramadu’s bridge is….
A. 5.400 meters
B. 192 meters
C. 494 meters
D. 526 meters
E. 2004 meters

50. The following statement is true, except ….
A. Suramadu’s bridge is also known Surabaya-Madura bridge
B. the long of Suramadu’s bridge is 5400 meters
C. suramadu’s bridge connects the islands of Java and Madura
D. bridge was opened on March 31, 2009
E The bridge was built by Surabaya government


https://englishadmin.com/2018/11/contoh-soal-descriptive-text-tempat-bersejarah-dan-object-wisata-beserta-jawaban.html 

Posting Komentar untuk "BIG X CHAPTER 4"